Greene County was originally a land grant from King Charles II of England in 1663, and was first settled around 1710 by immigrants from Maryland, Virginia, and parts of North Carolina. This was the final major battle of the Tuscarora War at Fort Neoheroka near current day Snow Hill. A major battle between the Tuscarora Indians and the immigrants was fought in March of 1713, and included a force of South Carolina soldieers and Yemassce Indians, under Colonel Maurice Moore, who defeated the Tuscarora led by Chief Hancock. In 1758, the area which is recognized as Greene and Lenoir Counties was separated from Johnston and named Dobbs for the Royal Governor. Thereafter, the county was formed in 1791 from the northern part of Dobbs County. It was originally named Glasgow County after James Glasgow, Secretary of State of North Carolina from 1777 to 1798. However, the involvement of James Glasgow in 1777 in military land grant frauds forced him to resign and leave the State. Glasgow County was then renamed Greene County in honor of General Nathaniel Greene of Revolutionary War fame. The county seat is Snow Hill, located near the white sandy banks of Contentnea Creek.
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Tuscarora Indians Wiped Out
By Jeannette Holland Austin Profile
The Tuscarora tribe erected a stronghold called "Fort Neoheroka" during their war of 1711 to 1715 near present-day Snowhill North Carolina. In March of 1713 it was besieged by a colonial army from South Carolina who were under the command of Colonel James Moore primarily comprised of other Indian tribes, the Yamasee, Apalachee, Catawba, Cherokee and others. It lasted for more than three weeks and hundreds of men, women and children were burned to death in a fire which destroyed the fort. Afterwards about 400 were removed to South Carolina where they were sold into slavery. This was an utter defeat because it drove the rest of the Tuscaroras into the North to live among the Iroquois. Thus, the defeat of the Tuscaroras helped to open up North Carolina territory for settlement for Europeans.
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