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The Irish did not Change their Names
Tips By Jeannette Holland Austin
From earliest of immigrants, we find the Irish settlements first to New England, then to the Carolinas, Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee.
During the last century, Maine, New Hampshire, the greater part of Vermont, western Massachusetts, western Pennsylvania, a large portion of Maryland, the western part of Virginia, between the Blue Ridge and the Alleghany mountains, into North Carolina, along the French Broad river, to the upper part of South Carolina, and into the territory now forming Tennessee and Kentucky, with a part of the northwest territory, to the north of the Ohio river, and which then belonged to Virginia, was largely, and in some sections was entirely, settled by Irish. The Irish did not change their names before or after leaving Ireland. The course of settlement can be traced by the surnames of the first settlers and found in Ireland.
It might be claimed by some genealogists that certain of these Irish emigrants were of English descent, however, they were Irish by birth. In essence they were the Irish who no longer sympathized with England. Otherwise, they would have remained in the country. Notwithstanding the severe penalties rendered by the English for "taking up with the Irishy," the fate was the same of its invaders. Yet, over time they yielded to the charms of the Irish women, and their progeny became often more Irish than those from the original Celtic stock. Also, the descendants of many the Cromwellian soldiers is found in Ireland. These were the people who became bitter and uncompromising foes to English rule in Ireland.
During 1771 and 1773, over twenty-five thousand emigrants left Belfast and other ports in that immediate neighborhood and traveled to the American colonies. They had been evicted from one of the estates of the Marquis of Donegal, in Antrim. They were mostly farmers and manufacturers who converted their property into specie and used the money to transport them abroad. The Irish people throughout this country sympathized with the cause of the colonies, and immediately after the battle of Bunker Hill thousands among them entered the army. Especially the emigrants from the north of Ireland, who, from their continuous service and discipline, became a mainstay of the organization until the end of the war.
The Discovery of Queen Anne's Revenge
It is believe that the frigate ship of the infamous pirate Edward Teach, known as Blackbeard has been found. The vessel Queen Anne's Revenge was mentioned in some old bonds gien in Charleston, South Carolina, when testimony was given against him. The ship was discovered in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean near Beaufort, North Carolina. The vessel was originally launched by the Royal Navy of England in the year of 1710 and was used as a flagship of the pirate. Only after a year out to sea, she was captured by the French and was used as their slave ship until overtaken by pirates in 1717. Blackbeard ran the ship aground in the Beaufort Inlet of North Carolina in 1718 where his crew and supplies were transferred to smaller vessels. In 1996 Intersal, Inc., a private firm, discovered the remains of a vessel likely to be Queen Anne's Revenge, and added the find to the US National Register of Historic Places.
Researching Mariners and Vessels for the Ancestors
If we ask the question "why" we are on the right track. Perhaps you can imagine the tumultous voyage across the Atlantic and the fear of getting lost, or being sunk in a storm. When one considers the vast number of ships discovered at the bottom of the sea dating back several hundred years, it is easy to understand the risks. Ships kept manisfests of its passengers and cargo. When a mariner set out to deliver supplies, he signed a contract concerning possible loss. I found several contracts for cargo going to Sunbury, Georgia in the colonial deeds. Oftentimes, the cargo was spoiled. This is because of delays in passage. Had I not read the colonial deeds, I would not have known that Sunbury was an active port city and resort for New Englanders. Although the National Archives has a collection of ship manifests, it is incomplete for many reasons. One finds the notations of the occupation of "mariner." These were sailors or seamen navigating waterborne vessels, or ones who assisted in the operation and maintenance of ships. Many vessels used in the colonies were sloops, one-masted with a fore-and-aft mainsail. The Dutch used sloops to trade in the colonies before England cut off their trade. The traffic from the Mediterannean seas into the Atlantic was filled with cargo vessels. Sometimes we discover an old will made by a mariner about to take voyage, and passengers did the same. Consider, then, the port of embarkation as a place to discover such a document. A little research of the ports and routes of trading vessels and places of embarkation might discover a document of someone who died on the high seas yet resided in Virginia or the Carolinas at one time!
Religious Groups Settled Carteret County
The Tuscarora Nation first occupied the land between the Neuse and Pamlico Rivers in eastern North Carolina. As early as 1706, white settlers of Huguenot, German, Scotch-Irish, French, and English descent arrived in the region from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Also, in 1721 Quakers from Rhode Island came with their church families and settled on the north side of the Newport River. However, it was the land grants which mostly helped to populate the region and build its large tobacco plantations. Beaufort, North Carolina is the third oldest town in North Carolina, but it was first named Fishtown. The first Anglican Church in Beaufort was organized in 1724 as St. Johns Parish. However, other religious denominations soon over-populated the parishioners in the English church.
Carteret County Wills and Estates
Carteret County was named for Sir George Carteret, English Lord Proprietor, or possible his heir, John Carteret, the 2nd Earl of Granville. County Seat: Beaufort, North Carolina. The county seat is Beaufort.
Carteret County Wills and other Records Available to Members of North Carolina Pioneers
Indexes to Wills
- 1741 to 1799
- 1741 to 1839
- 1760 to 1880
Carteret County Wills
- Abstracts of Carteret County Wills dating from 1726 to 1770
Images of Wills 1760 to 1880
O' Neal, Francis;
Images of Wills 1794 to 1818. Testators: John Adams, Nathan Adams, Keziah Always, Capt. Benjamin Appleton, Jacob Arthur, Seth Arthur, John Backhouse, Major Denis Beaufort, William Baker, Abigail Bell, Abner Bell, Absalom Bell, Caleb Bell, David Bell, Elijah Bell, George Bell, James Bell, Joseph Bell, Josiah Bell and William Adams.
Images of Wills 1829 to 1866
Bell, William (2);
Biston, S. S.;
Garner, Samuel (2);
Hancock, James; Harsley, Barton;
Hill, B. H.;
Howard, John (2);
Images of Wills 1860 to 1898
Beeton, Mary A. E.;
Bell, William (2);
Jones, J. B.;
Sanders, E. W.;
Taylor, B. F.;
Whitehurst, D. W.;
Images of Wills 1898 to 1916Testators:
Bell, D. W.;
Davis, J. H.;
Dill, E. H.;
Demis, J. T.;
Duncan, J. F.;
Fodric, A. J.;
Gaskill, D. B.;
Goodwin, J. H.;
Mason, C. N.;
Stanly, J. B.;