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Your Genealogy Work-Around!
Sometimes all that we need is a few good ideas (or clues) as to where to search next. Many complaints evolve around undiscovered marriage records and estates (or wills). Yet there are "work arounds" for all genealogy issues. While one cannot always complete the puzzle, they can form the surrounding pieces. Picture an incomplete farm house, then search for the barns, roads, fences, wells, trees, flowers, etc. The farm house represents the family itself, while the surrounding areas complete the neighborhood structure with friends, relatives and community affairs. Actually, it is the neighborhood which is so revealing of the family tree. Local churches and graveyards identify the neighbors and in-laws that you could not find in the marriage records. Most States did not require marriages to be filed at the court house until after 1900. That means that those which do appear (before 1900) represent but a small sampling of what "lshould be." Small farms were building their homes upon virgin lands. The neighbors were few and far between. Who else would the daughters marry, unless they traveled some distance to visit other relatives? Clues do exist. The secret is familiarizing oneself with the surrounding puzzle pieces. This type of familiarity can begin by carefully reading all of the tombstones in the old section of church graveyards, even photographing them for later reference. The names which appear in the old section also appear on the deed records of that county. They are buying and selling land; and, importantly, witnessing deeds and other transactions of the ancestors. How much land did these guys own, and whose names were on the farms? The tax digest is also helpful because it helps to clarify adjoining properties, and whether or not one is a "junior" or "senior." When the father died, his farm lands were divided between the sons. Up until the time of his death, however, the tax digest list exact acreages. Later, after the property is divided, odd amounts of acreage were listed by the sons, and you can count off the acreage from the original plot. If the death occurred prior to the 1850 census before the names of children were recorded, this method is an alternative to locating other heirs. The old-timers did not always write a last will and testament. Instead, they divided their property between the children prior to death in the form of "Deeds of Gift." If the widow remarried, the deeds could turn up a Marriage Contract which provides even more details concerning the disposition of the estate, and, relationships. All estate records should be examined carefully. That is, wills, inventories, sales, annual returns, appraisements, guardianships, bonds and receipts. None of these items are in one place in the probate court. The reason is that such documents were written in the book of the clerk as they were filed of record. Thus, once the last will and testament is found, a scan of the next several probate books is indicated. During the examination of the estate records, it is also important to take note of the names of witnesses and purchasers of items from the estate sale. If you have a relic which was passed down through the families, the inventory is the place to search for its origin. As is pictured above, this buckle was found by relic hunters at an old home place in Hillsborough, North Carolina. If you find the old home place, perhaps it would be wise to dig. Just saying.
Tuscarora Indians Wiped Out
The Tuscarora tribe erected a stronghold called "Fort Neoheroka" during their war of 1711 to 1715 near present-day Snowhill North Carolina. In March of 1713 it was besieged by a colonial army from South Carolina who were under the command of Colonel James Moore primarily comprised of other Indian tribes, the Yamasee, Apalachee, Catawba, Cherokee and others. It lasted for more than three weeks and hundreds of men, women and children were burned to death in a fire which destroyed the fort.
Afterwards about 400 were removed to South Carolina where they were sold into slavery. This was an utter defeat because it drove the rest of the Tuscaroras into the North to live among the Iroquois. Thus, the defeat of the Tuscaroras helped to open up North Carolina territory for settlement for Europeans.
The Exiled Indians from Qualla Town
Guarding the Catawba River Against the Cherokees
The Chowanoac Indians
A Trail of Tears from Murphy, NC
Yeopim Indians Sold the Chowan River to the English
Town Creek Indian Mound
Connecting Family Members
By Jeannette Holland Austin
Every genealogist encounters difficulties in tracing the ancestors. One prevalent issue is the marriage record. Although all marriage records were not recorded, another means of locating the name of the husband of a daughter (for example) would be to examine the will and estate of the child's father, especially the vouchers, receipts and annual returns. It was not customary for a married daughter to inherit, and this means that her husband took possession of her portion. Watch carefully the names of those who purchase items from estate sales and the receipts filed along with the Annual Returns. Also, the names of all grandchildren should be properly identified with their parents. The reason is that this information could easily disclose the father that a daughter was married more than once.
Did you Search the Records in Barbadoes?
By Jeannette Holland Austin
In Colonial days, sugar was a lucrative crop and certain colonials were investing in island real estate. There was a settlement of Scottish persons there during the early 18th century, as well as some Irish planters. Sugar crops from Barbadoes were shipped all over Europe. And, more importantly, after the British lost the Revolutionary War, Loyalist families had to leave the American continent, else be tried and hanged as traitors. Barbadoes was one of the retreats. The records were published into book form and are easy to search.
Consider the History Behind the Genealogy
Every family has some exciting and interesting facets of history. Because you see, we all play a part in history. Sure, there were those who played major roles of leadership. However, right there, beside them, were our ancestors. They were the soldiers who crossed the Delaware River one freezing night with General George Washington. And those at King's Mountain who charged the unbeatable British Colonel Ferguson firing with their rifles as they ran. Some of them got butchered by the murderous Colonel Tarleton under a flag of surrender at Waxsaws. And then there were those who did not sign on for 3-month terms, but fought the whole war. The bravery of our ancestors is detailed in their pension records. Every genealogist should seek these out and carefully read the detailed events described by their kin. When that war ended, everyone had homes to rebuild, to begin again. How many times did they go out into the fields of disruption and replant?
Greene County Wills, Estates, Probate Records
Greene County was originally a land grant from King Charles II of England in 1663, and was first settled around 1710 by immigrants from Maryland, Virginia, and parts of North Carolina. This was the final major battle of the Tuscarora War at Fort Neoheroka near current day Snow Hill. A major battle between the Tuscarora Indians and the immigrants was fought in March of 1713, and included a force of South Carolina soldieers and Yemassce Indians, under Colonel Maurice Moore, who defeated the Tuscarora led by Chief Hancock. In 1758, the area which is recognized as Greene and Lenoir Counties was separated from Johnston and named Dobbs for the Royal Governor. Thereafter, the county was formed in 1791 from the northern part of Dobbs County. It was originally named Glasgow County after James Glasgow, Secretary of State of North Carolina from 1777 to 1798. However, the involvement of James Glasgow in 1777 in military land grant frauds forced him to resign and leave the State. Glasgow County was then renamed Greene County in honor of General Nathaniel Greene of Revolutionary War fame. The county seat is Snow Hill, located near the white sandy banks of Contentnea Creek.
Greene County Probate Records available to Members of North Carolina Pioneers
Indexes to Probate Records
Images of Wills 1868 to 1907Testators:
Artis, Daniel |Aswell, Burcha |Bailey, D. M. |Barden, Martha E. |
Barron, Jesse H. |Bass, Sarah A. |Beaman, G. W. G. |Benson, Noah |Bergeron, Elizabeth |Best, B. J. |Best, Elizabeth J. |Britt, John G. |Britt, William W. |Brown, Susan O. |Browning, Reddick |
Bryan, W. R. |Bunn, Nancy |Bunn, Vina |Canady, Penelope |Carr, Matthew S. |Carr, R. A. L. |Carr, Sarah A. T. |Carraway, Jethro |
Churchill, Ivey | Churchwell, Chappel H. |Cloth, Mary | Cob, D. |
Cobb, Gatsey A. | Cobb, James H. | Cose, Gracie | Coward, J. E. A. | Coward, William | Cox, Sanders | Cox, Zilphia J., Mrs. |
Crocker, Larry A. |Dardin, William |Darden, A. L. |Dawson, Lemuel |Dixon, H. W. |Dixon, John W. |Dixon, Lafayette |Dixon, Nancy |
Dixon, Pottie L. |Dixon, Priscilla A. |Dixon, Thomas R. |Dozier, Charlotte W. |Eason, Martha L. |Edwards, Elizabeth |Edwards, Hellen | Edwards, Lucretia | Edwards, Sallie F. B. | Edwards, W. F. | Edwards, William | Faircloth, William |Fielders, Mathew |
Frazier, Joseph A.| Freeman, John | Frizzell, Marina |
Ginn, Meriman | Grant, Ann M. | Grant, Penelope L. | Grant, Richard | Grimsley, Sarah Adlaide | Grizzard, Hannah | Hane, Angelina | Hardy, Allen | Harper, B. | Harper, R. M. | Harper, Sarah | Harrison, John W. | Hart, William T. | Heanes, Elizabeth | Heath, Robert | Hill, John | Hill, Martha | Holloman, Mary |
Hooker, Sallie | Hooker, W. M. B. | Jackson, J. T. | Jones, Elizabeth | Jones, Richard | Jones, Richard E. | Jones, Simon |
Jordan, Cora L. | Lancaster, Munroe | Lane, George W. | Lane, John | Lassiter, Charles | Lassitter, Terresa Elizabeth | Lindall, Lydia | Little, Eliza A. | Lyons, Emily | Mercer, Betsy | Mewborn, John M. | Miller, George |Moore, James |Moore, Joseph F. |Miller, Nellie |Murphy, John |Murphey, Oliver |Newell, James H. |Newsom, William S. |Nordee, Whitmell |Ormond, E. C. |
Ormond, Gatlin |Ormond, Irene J. |Ormond, John J. |Ormond, Nicey |Ormond, W. E. |Pate, Gatlin |Patten, Kitty |Patrick, John |
Pollard, John O. |Pridgen, Edwin G. |Pridgen, Gray |Pridgen, Jesse C. |Randolph, F. J. |Randolph, Martha |Randolph, Mary |
Reddick, John |Scott, Amanda |Simon, Henry |Smith, Elizabeth A. |
Smith, Henry | Smith, Joseph M. | Smith, Mark | Smith, Sarah |
Speight, James P. | Sugg, Aquilla H. | Sugg, D. A. | Sugg, Easter | Sugg, Fannie, Mrs. | Suggs, Henry | Sugg, J. E. W. | Sugg, John | Suggs, Lemuel | Suggs, Merritt | Sugg, Roderic P. | Suggs, Thomas | Sugg, Winifred | Sullivant, Abner | Sullivant, John |
Swinson, Birchey | Taylor, Joel | Taylor, Mark P. | Taylor, Susan | Thomas, Benjamin | Turnage, Nancy | Turnage, Susan | Vaughan, Eason | Wainwright, K. | Walston, Elizabeth | Walston, John |
Whitehead, Susan | Wilcox, Adam | Williams, Elizabeth |
Williams, Evaline | Williams, Henry | Williams, Isaac M. | Williams, J. A. E. | Williams, John | Williams, Pennia | Williams, West | Wood, Jesse | Wooten, John | Wray, W. L. |