The Genealogy of the TimesThis current time-span seems to be replete with genealogists searching out their family histories. As the internet continues to open more doors and possibilities, there is exists conflicts of information. For example, the use of pedigree charts which connect families is adding unwanted members of families. We have to remember, a computer-generated pedigree is different from the work of individuals, whose work does not always compare. For example, the computer will add Jane Smith born 1800 and your Jane Smith (the same person) born 1801 as separat entries. It can be horrifying to see one's work combined with inaccurate enealogies. Some sites will actually add other people's group sheets (to yours) which you know to be wrong. If we are to retain any sort of accuracy, perhaps it is best to refrain from using the online charts. On the brighter side, much has been lost, what with the burning of court houses records, etc. Hopefully, some of these records will emerge from attics and antique shops. The clerks sometimes took their work home with them. I once found old county books in an attic which were spared the loss in a court house fire because the clerk who once resided there took the books home. The court house records reveal tons of information about the families; deeds, marriages, wills, estates, tax digests, etc. provide details other than names and dates. Interestingly, listed in the estate records (Annual Returns) are such items as mourning gloves, rings and dressed. When someone dies and their personal items are sorted through, how many times have you seen old pictures and wondered whose those people were? And did you notice the old-fashioned dress styles? There are doubtless a stack of old-timey items in the estate being sorted. In olden times, all of these items were generally passed down to the heirs. Are you disposing of items which will be more valuable to your later? As we gather information from the internet, more than one site should be studied. Simply because zillions of collections are out there. There are more possibilities with the internet as more genealogy websites emerge and offer different information!
Lutherans in Stokes CountyIn the year of 1786 Rev. Christian Eberhardt Bernhardt, a native of Stuttgard, in the kingdom of Wurtemberg was sent on his mission to America. Bernhart was ordained in his native country, and landed at Savannah, and then proceeded to Ebenezer, Georgia, where he remained for twelve months. In 1787 he went to Rowan County, North Carolina and labored among the churches to the East of the Yadkin River (Davidson County). In 1788 he took charge of the congregations in Stokes and Forsyth Counties, which had been organized and frequently visited by Rev. Nussmann. It was in Stokes County that Rev. Bernhardt was married, but the records do not mention the name of his wife. One year later he removed to Guilford County, where he remained to the close of the year 1800, when he accepted the call to become the pastor of Zion's and several other Lutheran Churches in Lexington District, South Carolina. Source: Account furnished by his daughter-in-law, the widow of the late Rev. David Bernhardt; History of the Lutheran Church in North Carolina Bernheim, G. D., 1872, Volume 08, Pages 758-796
Hansel and Gretel Left Crumbs. What Crumbs Did our Ancestors Drop?"At the beginning of the colonizing of American, European immigrants commenced taking the high risk of travel upon the high seas. The journey lasted from two to three months, with passengers sleeping on slabs in the belly of a brigate or similar vessel. The risk of losing one's life in a ship wreck during a storm or hurricane was always high, and not only that, merchant ships delivering supplies also suffered setbacks. Although contracts were issued (found in some county deed records) between merchants and ship's captains to satisfy any losses, perishable goods did not always survive the sail. And, more importantly, a ship's manifest containing the names, ages, port of origin and destination was kept aboard every vessel. If you are searching for such a manifest at the Federal Archives, do not expect to discover it by the date of arrival. Sometimes captains did not delivered the manifest to docking authorities until several months later. However, the manifest is a valuable genealogical tool because it provides the port of origin. Thus, a study of the port of origin is indicated and important because it has its own history. For instance, dutch ports during the early of the 18th century suggest protestant migrations. French ports suggests Hugenots, and English ports suggest protestants, particularly Scotch-Irish presbyterians. In 1731, the Catholic Cardinal Leopold Anthony ordered all protestants in Austria to recant their religion, else get out. He gave them two weeks! Over 20,000 protestants maneuvered their way around Europe, searching for a place to settle. Many of the Austrians accepted an offer of land by King Frederick William I or Prussia. However, by 1733, there were several hundred people still searching. General James Oglethorpe (founder of Georgia) heard about them and invited that congregation to come to Georgia. They arrived with their minister and founded Ebenezer. These people were hard-working and industrious and not troublesome like some of the malcontents from England residing in Savannah. There are virtually hundreds of stories similar to this one. It behooves us to study some European history to learn the motivation behind immigration. The same applies to American history. As the emigrants arrived, they followed certain trails, leaving crumbs along the way. For the most part, the Scotch-Irish embarked from Antrim, Ireland and landed in Pennsylvania. The trail for these people was a hurried settlement in Berks and Bucks Counties; then, a movement through Philadelphia and down into the Alleghany Mountains. Other routes included joining other Scots in South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia. We learn much of this information by tracing the crumbs, i.e., county deeds, wills, estates, marriages, etc. Remember, almost 200 years passed before the First Census of 1790. The records to look for are graves, bibles, military pensions, and importantly, county records because that is the where they set down roots.
Old Wills and Documents : Easy to Read on North Carolina Pioneers
Stokes County Wills and Estates
Stokes County was formed in 1789 from Surry County and was named for Capain John Stokes, who was wounded during the American Revolutionary War when the cavalry of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton almost destroyed the Virginia Regiment led by Colonel Abraham Buford in the Waxhaws region in 1780. After the war, Captain Stokes was appointed a judge of the United States district court for North Carolina. In 1849 the southern half of Stokes County became Forsyth County. The county seat is Danbury.
Stokes County Probate Records available to members of North Carolina Pioneers
Images of Wills, Inventories, Estates 1792 to 1800, Vol. 1Adaman, Thomas | Armstrong, John | Armstrong, Martin | Atwood, William | Aust, Mary
Bagge, Frangat | Bagge, Traugett | Banner, Henry | Billing, Joseph | Binkley, Christian | Binkley, Joseph | Binkley, Peter | Blackburn, John | Bowman, Edmond | Boyer, Aaron | Boyer, Henry | Briggs, Thomas | Bright, John | Brown, John
Cannon, Benjamin | Cannon, Hinningham | Carrell, Thomas M. | Carson, Michael | Carson, William | Chandler, William | Christmon, Balthasa | Clayton, Britain | Colon, Johanna Elizabeth | Crook, Isam | Crook, James
Davis, Mary | Davis, William | Deange, Michael | Deatherage, George | Doles, Henry | Ebert, Eva Barbara | Ebert, Martin Jr. | Elmore, Abijah | Esterline, Ann Maria | Esterline, Matthew | Evans, Edward | Evans, Thomas
Farmer, John | Farr, John |Fogler, Michael | Folk, Andrew | Fry, Valentine | Gammell, John | Gammett, James | Geoffert, George | Glen, James | Glenn, John | Griner, Robert | Guinn, Almand
Ham, Joseph | Ham, Joseph (2) | Hamm, Daniel | Hampton, Henry | Hauser, George | Hepler or Hessler, Abraham | Hill, Isaac | Hilsabeck, Frederick | Hine, John Jacob | Hinshaw, George | Hinshaw, John | Hoy, John Van | Hudspeth, Giles | Hummel, Christian | Hurst, James
Jackson, James Sr. | James, David | Johnson, David | Jones, William | Joyner, William | Kimbrough, Thomas | Kirby, Henry
Ladd, William | Lawton, Joseph | Lewis, William | Lindsey, John | Linebach, Abraham | Linebach, Lewis | Love, James, Sr. | Love, James Sr. (estate) | Lytz, Phillip
Markhorns, John | Markland, Matthew | Martin, Moses | Martin, Robert | Mayer, Jacob | McAnnally, Jesse | McMurry, Robert | Melton, John | Miller, Jacob | Millwood, James | Mosby, Samuel | Nash, John | Neely, John
Padgel, Benjamin | Parker, Jeptha | Pattison, Andrew | Peddycourt, Sarah | Pennegar, Peter | Petree, John | Petree, Sarah | Pitts, William | Reddick, Hardy | Rigg, Thomas
Sale, Rachel | Sanders, Nahum | Sides, Michael | Simpson, Abraham | Smith, Christian | Smith, Robert | Southern, William | Spragen or Sprague, Joseph | Sprague, Joseph (estate) | Stewart, Alexander | Swann, Benjamin
Tate, Rachel | Thomason, John Sr. | Todd, Joseph | Transon, Philip | Vest, William Sr. | Warnock, Samuel | Weaver, Christian | Webb, William | Wilson, John | Woods, John | Wright, Elizabeth | Yarrell, Peter
Images of Stokes County Will Bk 2, 1801 to 1816Alford, William | Angel, Jobe | Aust, George
Ballard, Thomas | Banks, John | Banner, Benjamin | Barnard, Tristram | Beasly, Richard | Beasley, William | Beazley, Robert | Benzein, Christian Lewis | Bettiter, Zebada | Binnegar, William | Blume, Jacob | Bohannon, James | Bolecheek, Joseph | Bolling, Anthony | Bond, Samuel | Bostick, Absalom | Brooks, David | Brown, Elizabeth | Burchin, Henry | Burge, Alexander | Butner, Christopher | Bynam, Gray | Clayton, John | Cofer, James | Conrad, John | Cook, John | Cox, Richard | Cressman, George | Curry, Malcom
Dalton, Samuel | Davis, Henry | Davis, John | Davis, Sarah | Davis, William | Dawson, John | Deathorage, George | Dodson, Reuben | Doll, Nicholas | Dollar, John
East, Thomas Sr. | Ebert, Martin | Ernst, Anna Catharine | Fedler, Godfrey | Ferguson, Jack | Flynt, Haslin | Fole, Peter | Foster, Andrew | Fountain, Stephen | Frazer, Stephen | French, William | Fry, Michael Sr. | Fry, Valentine | Fuller, Godfrey
Gaines, Thomas | Gideon, Margaret | Goslin, Elizabeth | Gruggs, Thomas
Haisley, John | Hamilton, Robert Sharp | Hampton, James | Hampton, Samuel | Hanns, Jacob | Hauns, Martin | Hauser, Frederick | Heath, Thomas | Hauser, George Peter | Haynes, Robert | Hawkins, William | Hazlet, Robert | Heal, John | Hester, John | Hester, Mary | Hill, Matthew Sr. | Hine, John | Hine, Philip | Hoffman, George | Holland, John | Howell, William | Hunter, John Sr. | Hunter, Thomas
Jean, William Sr. | Johnson, Robert | Jones, Gabriel | Kainzel, Frederick | Kellum, John | Kapp, Jacob | Kerr, John | Kinsel, Salome | Kraup, Gottleb | Ladd, Constantine | Lagename, Phillip | Lawson, John | Lawson, Jonas | Linville, David | Lowray, Isabel | Ludwick, Peter
Majors, John Sr. | Marshall, Frederick William | Martin, Abraham Sr. | Martin, William | Martin, William (1812) | Matthews, James | McAnnally, Charles | McKillip, Andrew | McKillip, Hugh | Meaum, Nancy | Mickey, John | Miller, Jacob | Miller, Joseph | Moore, Alexander | Moore, Matthew | Morris, Hammond | Morris, Pressley
Neal, Thomas | Nelson, Joseph | Niding, Mathew | Null, Jacob | Nunn, John | Oliver, Peter | Paterson, John | Patterson, Joseph | Peddycourt, William Barton | Penyear, John | Perry, Jonathan | Phillips, Richard | Pitts, Samuel | Plaff, Joseph | Petree, Henry | Petree, Jacob
Rank, Michael | Raper, Thomas | Rights, John | Rights, John Sr. | Roark, Elijah | Roberts, James Dudley | Robertson, William H. | Rothrock, Jacob | Russell, Mary | Rutledge, William
Schawils, Andrew | Seiler, John | Shamel, John | Shelton, William Jr. | Shreyer, John Peter | Shouse, Henry | Smith, Henry | Smith, Robert | Smith, William | Sprinch, George | Stewart, David | Stocker, Henry | Stockton, Daniel | Swain, William
Tagus, Michael | Tatum, John | Taylor, William | Thanchour, Jacob | Thomas, Phillip | Thomason, George | Vernon, Jonathan | Vest, William Sr.
Waggoner, Samuel | Waggoner, William Sr. | Walker, William | Weaver, Michael | Whitlock, Charles | Willets, Henry | Williams, Owen | Winston, Joseph Sr. | Wohlfart, Jacob | Woolfolk, Richard | Woodson, Tucker | Zimmerman, John
Images of Stokes County Will Bk 3, 1817 to 1837Barnes, Martha | Barr, Isaac | Bartly, Sarah | Beason, William | Beazley, Charles | Beazley, Jeremiah | Beck, John Sr. | Belling or Bitting, Maria | Benzuin, William Lewis | Bibighan, Christine | Billettes, Alexander | Bitting, Elizabeth | Blake, John | Blackburn, Young | Blum, Henry | Boehls, John Frederick | Boles, Alexander Sr. | Boles, Janus | Bostick, Frederick | Boswell, Verlinda | Boyles, William | Brandon, Thomas | Branson, Zachariah | Brown, Rice | Butner, Thomas
Camplin, Jacob | Carver, George | Childress, William | Chitty, Charles Sr. | Christ, Rudolph | Christman, Daniel | Christman, John Daniel | Clampitt, Richard | Clements, Benjamin | Clove, John | Coller, Joseph | Connell, John | Cook, John William Jacob | Cook, William | Cosan, Anthony | Cox, Joshua Jr. | Cox, Mary | Cox, Mildred | Cox, Mildred (1825) | Craig, William | Crews, David | Crews, James | Crimm, Jacob | Critendon, Chrisanna | Croom, Limon | Crun, Conrad |
Dalton, David | Dalton, Isaac | Dawson, Elizabeth | Dawson, Naomy | Dobson, William | Douk, Mary Eve | Douthit, Isaac | Duggins, John | Duncan, Thomas | Eads, Isaac | Early, Asa | Elrod, Maria | Endsley, Andrew | Estes, Robert | Fair, Michael Sr. | Fars or Farr, Mary Ann | Fedral, Samuel | Fidler, Peter | Fishel, Jacob | Fisher, George | Flynt, Thomas | Fochel, Maria Rosina | Fountain, Jane | Forst, James B. | Francis, Micajah | Freeman, John | Fry, John
Gambold, John | Gatewood, Dudley | Geiger, Adam | Gentry, Richard | Goode, Thomas | Graff, Joshua | Green, Philip | Green, Susannah | Grobs, William |Guinn, Thornton P. Sr. | Hairston, Peter | Hanes, George | Hardman, John | Harper, Zephaniah | Harper, Jane | Hart, Anny | Hartt, Henry | Hauser, Abraham | Hauser, Catharine | Hauser, Heinrich | Hauser, John L. | Heath, John | Hedgecock, William | Hein, Juliana Catharine | Heinz, Christian | Hendrick, Nathaniel | Henley, John | Henning, John Adam | Hess, George Jr. | Hessler, Maria Salome | Hester, John | Hicker, James W. | Hill, Richard | Hill, Robert | Hine, Johanna | Hine, Peter | Hitchcock, Nancy | Holder, Johanna | Holston, Adam | Hoofman, Lewis | House, Jonathan | Huffman, Henry | Hutcherson, Joseph | Hutchins, Frederick
James, John | Jessup, Joseph | Johnson, Ashley | Jones, Cadwaller | Jones, Sarrah | Jones, Thomas | Joyce, Alexander | Joyce, William B. | Kasky, Frederick | Kellum, Ann | Kelly, Benjamin | Kerner, Joseph | Kilner, Francis Sr. | King, John | Kiser, Barbara | Kook, Thomas | Kinnaman, John | Kracken, Elizabeth Green | Krameck, Samuel | Kreeger, Frederick | Kreeger, Henry | Kreegan, John | Krouse, John | Krouse, Samuel | Kruger, Jacob | Kushke, John Fred
Last, Nathaniel | Lawson, Elisha | Ledford, John | Lewis, Jacob | Lide, Elizabeth | Lindman, Henry | Loflin, Martha | Logenauer, George | Long, Frederick
Mans, Henry Sr. | Mansell, Robert | Marshall, Martin | Martin, John | Martin, John Sr. | McCarter, Aaron | Mendenhall, Joseph | Miller, Frederick | Miller, Harman | Miller, John | Moody, Alexander | Moore, Reubin | More, W. | Moses, Peter | Neal, Thomas | Nelson, Isaac | Newman, Charles | Nunns, Elizabeth | Nuns, Willia
Panther, William | Pearce, Jacob | Peter, Simon | Pfaff, Isaac | Phillips, Colly | Philips, John | Pitts, John | Preston, Weatherington | Priddy, George
Ransom, Joseph | Rank, Elizabeth | Rank, Gottleb | Ray, George | Reaves, Charles | Redenon, Caty | Reich, Catherina | Reich, Christopher | Reich, Elizabeth | Reich, Matthew Reid, Jacob | Reynolds, Archibald | Rich, Samuel | Ridings, John | Rights, Maria Magdalene | Rights, Matthew | Rippel, Henry | Robinson, Israel | Robinson, Jacob | Rominger, Michael | Rominger, Michael (1824) | Rothrock, Philip | Ruchel, Benjamin
Samuel, Henry | Samuel, Ruben | Scales, Joseph | Schrisler, Gottleb | Schultz, Dorothea | Schaub, Hanah | Schaub, John Jacob | Sell, John | Shamel, John | Shields, Abel | Shober, Nathaniel | Shore, Henry | Shore, Peter | Shultz, Thomas | Sikes, Lorenzo | Sisk, Salley | Smith, Thompson | Snider, Philip | Spainhauer, Henry | Spainhauer, John Jacob | Spainhauer, Michael | Sprinkle, Betsy | Sprinkle, George | Sprinkle or Stikle, Gottlieb | Starbuck, Paul | Steiner, Abraham | Stotts, Samuel | Stutly, Henry | Stutts, John | Sutton, Joseph
Taylor, George | Teague, John | Thomason, John | Thomason, Sarah | Tilly, Edmund | Transon, Abraham |Transon, Maria Catharine | Vaughn, Zebulon | Vest, John |Vogler, Christpher | Von Schweinitz, Lewis David | Waggoner, Adam | Waggoner, Gabriel | Wickes, Elijah | Wilkerson, Mercy | Willard, George | Wolff, Ann Penes | Wolff, Isaac | Wolff, Lorentz | Wray, William | Wright, John | Young, James | Young, Sarah
Images of Stokes County Will Bk 4, 1837 to 1864Alspough, Henry | Angell, Silas | Arnold, Hezekiah | Ashby, John W. | Bagge, Charles Frederick (1837) | Bagge, Charles Frederick | Banner, Benjamin Sr. | Banner, Joseph Sr. | Banner, Sally W. | Barber, Travis | Barrow, Moses Sr. | Bitting, John | Bitting, John L. | Blackburn, Bryser | Blackburn, Gabriel M. | Blackburn, John T. | Blackburn, Winifred | Blum, Catharine | Bohanon, John | Bolrd, Benjamin | Boljack, Joseph | Bouldin, Ephraim | Bowman, Andrew | Boyer, Anna | Boyer, William | Brinkley, Crosley | Bristz, Christian | Brown, John | Brown, Nathan | Brown, Thomas | Brown, William M. | Burkhard, John | Butler, Harmon | Butler, Thomas | Bynum, Hampton
Carr, Jane | Carter, Anderson | Carter, Elizabeth | Carter, Henry | Cash, Christian | Chambers, John W. | Chowder, Charles Gottleb | Chrissman, Elizabeth | Clampett, William | Clark, Jacob | Cole, William C. | Conner, John | Conrad, Jacob | Conrad, Solomon | Cretz, William | Crews, Augustain | Crews, Edward | Crews, Frederick | Crews, Thomas | Croom, Elizabeth | Cunningham, James
Dalton, Christina | Dalton, Jubles | Daub, Jacob | Davis, James | Denke, Christian Frederick | Dun, Solomon | Eason, Bethenia | Eason, Susanna Edwards, Edward| Edwards, Edward H. | Elrige, Elizabeth | Farmer, Barnard | Faw, Daniel | Faw, William | Fiskel, John Adam | Flippin, Samuel | Flynt, Elisabeth | Flynt, Richard Fotts, Barbara | Fotts, Jacob | Francis, John | Frances, Sarah | Frost, Elizabeth | Fry, Jesse | Fry, Massy | Fulton, Francis
Gardner, William | Garth, Thomas | Gibson, Jeremiah | Gibson, Sarah | Glidewell, John L. | Gordon, Francis | Griffith, William | Guinn, Davis B. | Hagen, John | Hall, Wilchin | Hamilton, Horatio | Hartman, Rebecca | Hauser, Solomon | Hege, Eve | Hester, Robert T. | Hill, Joel | Hill, John | Holder, Mary K. | Hottern, Magnus | Huff, John | Hutchins, Robert | Hutchins, Tandy J.
Jackson, Hannah | Johannah, Anna | Joyce, John | Joyce, Robert | Joyce, Thomas | Joyce, William T. | Keiger, George | Ketner, Frederick | King, N. S. | King, Thomas | Kiser, Michael | Kiser, Michael Jr. | Kitner, Matthew | Knott, William | Kreuser, Conrad | Kruger, Anna Margaret H.
Lanier, Jacob | Larimore, James | Lasley, Joseph | Linbeck, Barbara | Lindsey, Joseph P. | Linville, David Sr. | Lyon, James | Mabe, Reuben | Marshall, Amos | Martin, Edmond T. | Martin, Martha | Martin, Mary | Mathews, Mary S. | McAnally, Elizabeth | McKnight, George | Meredith, Elisha | Miller, Morgan | Mitchell, Adam | Moody, Nathaniel | Moore, Susannah C. | Moore, William C. | Neal, Conrad | Null, John Sr.
Owen, Isham | Owen, Jesse | Pell, Nancy | Pfohl, Christian Thomas | Pfohl, Dorothea Elizabeth | Plummer, Thomas | Poindexter, Gabriel | Porr, Hannah | Preston, Nathaniel | Ray, Mary | Redman, Harmon | Reed, Prudence M. | Richardson, Green L. | Rippel, Martin | Roark, Timothy | Rouse, John Edwin | Rush, Lewis | Rush, Verona | Rutledge, Isabella
Salmon, Lucinda | Sams, Elijah | Schaap, Christian Frederick | Schaub, Maria | Seals, Absalom | Scott, Leonard | Shepperd, Giles L. | Shields, Reuben | Shipp, Thomas | Shober, Emanuel | Shober, Gottlieb | Shore, Henry | Shore, Jacob Shore, John, Sr. (1844) | Shore, John, Sr. | Shott, Eva Barbara | Shouse, Anna | Shutt, Charles | Sides, Philip | Simmons, Matthew | Smith, John Sr. | Smith, Mary | Spainhauer, David | Spainhauer, John | Spanch, Frederick | Spence, John | Spurgin, William | Stanley, Christopher | Stanley, Samuel | Stockburger, Sarah | Stotts, Casper | Stotts, John | Strup, Ephraim | Stutts, Simon | Stutz, Henry | Swain, Jonathan | Swain, Mary Magdalene
Telley, Edmund | Taylor, Josiah | Teague, William | Teague, William Sr. | Tilly, David | Tilly, Joel | Tucker, Joel | Tuggle, John | Tuttle, Thomas | Van Beck, Charles A. | Vance, John | Vaughn, Ann | Vawter, Bradford | Vawter, John | Virling, Martha Liz
Waggoner, Lewis | Walker, Robert | Waller, Henry | Ward, John | Ward, William I. | Washby, John | Webb, Elijah | Welch, Thomas | Welfare, Daniel | White, Thomas | Wilkins, John Sr. | Williams, James | Wilson, Milley | Winkler, Christian | Wolff, Lewis | Wood, John | Young, Robert | Young, William Sr. | Ziglar, Benjamin | Ziglar, L. | Ziglar, Leonard | Zimmerman, James | Zimmerman, Reuben | Zimmerman, Reuben (1838)