Generally speaking, migrants from Europe sought out their own kind in the New World. In other words, congregations of Quakers settled in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia and were eventually caught up with by other church members. This is also true of the Puritans, Moravians, Methodists, Huguenots, and other protestant groups. Occasionally, the genealogist discovers an old last will and testament filed at the court house written in German. This means that there existed a small hamlet of Germans in the vicinity. Every State has its own particular history of emigrants, however. The story of misery did not end once they arrived in the colonies, but these daring ancestors put their backs to the wheel and carved out communities all over this great land. During the settling of the colonies under English monarchs, the pioneering families had to protect their farms and homeland from marauding Indians, despite the reluctance of the Royal Governors for military assistance. When there occurred a militant situation, the local militia was called out. Every man in the county took his rifle and fought to protect his family.
Many fought in the American Revolution and the War of 1812.
Old pension records and muster rolls are sources of information, however, do not overlook such events as Lord Dunsmore's War and other Indian battles. In Kentucky, carrying a rifle was standard for all pioneers. As more land grants were offered to settle western territorities commencing early in the 18th century, settlers were encouraged to venture into mountainous terrain, usually inside of Indian territories. No Indian worth his salt was going to allow the white man to seize his land. Thus, skirmishes, scalping and thieving were common practice. Old maps of Indian villages are worth studying to get a broader picture of the environment. We were taught that bones were under the burial mounts, yet, recent excavations of this century has revealed the evidence of tall buildings (on the mound) which overlooked busting communities and villages. To better understand, the Dawes Rolls published after 1900, is a collection of over 32,000 applications of those persons who believed that they had 1/16th Indian blood. Applicants were from Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, no doubt descendants of those who had traveled the Trail of Tears. Although most of the applicants could not prove their lineage, a great many stories were told of particular relatives believed to be Cherokees. Getting down to the business of digging into the genealogies from a historical point of view, opens up vast avenues of knowledge, and provides answers to the question "why?" With each passing generation, the number of ancestors double on the pedigree chart. Thus, more family members are discovered the further one traces back in time. Each generation (of names) provides it own exciting history. And how quickly one discovers that they are linked to just about every event which brought their ancestors to America. In other words, the history of America was the labor and sacrifice of our own kin! George Washington and Thomas Jefferson made it to history books. However, they were surrounded by "our kin", whose sacrifices went untold. But they are there.
Six Frolicsome Young Ladies
A Mount Airy, North Carolina dispatch of August 8, 1882 related the following: "Six gay and frolicsome young ladies arrived in this place today, all rigged out and equipped for a journey on foot through the mountains of this State. The girls wear dresses even shorter than the regulation walking suit, have knap-backs strapped over their shoulders, wear road-bottomed easy shoes, dark hose, and are fixed up for comfort. They propose to take a trip on foot through all of the mountain counties of North Carolina. In their baggage they have hammocks, which will be used in case they will have to camp out at night. The trip will consume about two months, and cover a district of six or eight hundred miles. The girls are all young, the oldest probably not over 22, and the youngest 16.
Published in The Bourbon News, Millersburg, Kentucky, August 15, 1882.
Captured, but Released
Reuben Harrison volunteered for the Revolutionary War in Surry County. He was sent from Flower Gap in Surry County by Colonel Richardson Owens with a letter addressed to Colonel Benjamin
Cleveland advising Cleveland when to advance upon the Tories. While on his way, he was captured by the Tories who mal-treated him and threatened to hang him. A Tory named George Roberts shook him severely to make him disclose his business, but the letter was hidden in the crown of his hat, and the Tories finally released him. Afterwards, Harrison returned safely to Flower Gap.
Surry county was formed in 1771 from Rowan County. It was named for the county of Surrey in England, birthplace of William Tryon, Governor of North Carolina from 1765 to 1771. In 1777 parts of Surry County and Washington District (now Washington County, Tennessee) were combined to form Wilkes County. In 1790, the county seat was moved to from Richmond to Rockford, then finally in 1853 to Dobson, North Carolina.
Testators: Angel, Charles | Armstrong, William | Baker, Michael | Blackburn, Newman | Bond, Charles |
Bookman, James | Bowles, Benjamin | Charles, James | Clayton, Philip | Cook, Robert | Duncan, Marshal | Elliott, Ann | Evins, Nicholas | Fishens, Frederick | Fogler, Lawrence | Forrester, Thomas | Glen, Tyree | Glenn, James | Graves, J. | Holsome, John | Hoop, George | Howard, William | Hudspeth, John | Hudspeth, Ralph | Hudspeth, William | Jones, Abraham | Ladd, Noble Sr. | Lankford, James | Masters, Joseph | McCarrol, Nathaniel | Moster, Leonard | Phillips, Bennett | Rainwater, John | Roberts, William | Romenger, David | Seidel, Nathaniel | Sheppard, James | Skidmore, Henry | Smith, William | Varnell, Richard | Walker, Warren | Ward, Charles | Ward, Richard | Wiggins, Phillip | Zinn, Margaretha
Images of Surry County Wills 1783 to 1792
Testators: Aust, Godfrey | Baker, Christopher | Blair, Hugh | Bohannon, John | Boon, Ratliff |
Bradley, Perry | Burke, James | Conway, Edward | Davis, David |
Denman, Hugh | Dickerson, Griffith | Dugan, Thomas | Edelman, Peter | Edwards, Gideon | Fair, Barnaby | Fulps, George | Gerber, Michael | Gillens, Richard | Goode, Thomas Sr. | Green, Samuel | Groeber, Jacob | Haun, Margaret Barbara | Hill, William | Houser, Michael | Houzar, John | Howell, Thomas | Lanier, Robert | Lash, Jacob | Linvill, David | Logan, Patrick | Meredith, James | Milton, David | Mosby, Samuel | Nelson, Solomon | Pittel, Benjamin | Pittel, Thomas | Roberson, George |
Shelton, Edward | Shelton, William | Shoemaker, Adam | Smith, Joseph | Speenhouser, Henry | Speenhouser, E. R. | Strub, John
Summers, Robert | Thompson, John | Turner, Elias | Vance, Samuel | Walker, Robert | Whittier, Thomas